The Constitution of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N)

 

Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North

The Constitution of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N)

2017

The Constitution of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North SPLM-N

Preamble

We, the delegates to the Extraordinary National Convention of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North;

(1) Cognizantof the root causes of the Sudanese problem manifested in ethnic and religious double Apartheid;

(2) Inspired by the sacrifices of the martyrs;

(3) Committed, to the vision of New Sudan that is based on the recognition of the contemporary and historical diversity, and the necessity of building a secular democratic state, founded on freedom, justice, equality, voluntary unity, rule of law and constitutional stability;

(4) Do hereby, adopt this Constitution of SPLM-N 2017 as the principal law and reference after the Manifesto.

1

Chapter 1

Preliminary Provisions, Principles, Objectives and Means

Section I

Preliminary Provisions

Article: 1. Title and Commencement

This Constitution shall be cited as, “The Constitution of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North, 2017” and shall come into force on the date of its signature.

Article: 2.Name and Seat of the Movement

(1) The name of the Movement is the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North, here after referred to as “The Movement” and abbreviated as SPLM-N.
(2) The Seat of the SPLM-N shall be within the New Sudan.

Article: 3.The Character of the Movement

The SPLM-N is a people’s liberation Movement, established for the realization of the vision of the New Sudan which is founded on the historical and contemporary diversity of the Sudanese State.

Article: 4.Repeal and Exception

(1) Subject to this article, the Transitional Constitution of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North, 2013 shall be repealed;
(2) All orders, directives and decisions made there under shall be in effect until are abrogated under the provisions of this Constitution or laws and regulations that organize them;

Article: 5.Definitions

In this Constitution, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words and expressions shall bear the meanings assigned to each of them accordingly:

The Movement: means the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement North (SPLM-N);

The Vision of the New Sudan: Means the intellectual political project of the Movement that aims at the restructuring of the Sudanese State;

The Manifesto: means the Manifesto of the Movement;

The Constitution: means the Constitution of the Movement;

The Law:means any of the New Sudan laws;

The Regulations: means official rules that interpret and complement the Constitution or the law;

The Documents: means the Manifesto, the Constitution, the Laws, Regulations, Agreements, Treaties, and any other documents;

2

SPLA-N: means Sudan People’s Liberation Army North;

Customs and traditions: means customs and traditions of the Movement;

COC: means the Convention Organizing Committee;

The National Convention: means the highest decision-making organ of the Movement as established under this constitution;

The Congress:means any conference of the MovementbelowNational Convention level in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;

The Council: means the national liberation council of the Movement and any liberation council at the level concerned;

The Political and leadership Council: means the highest executive organ of the Movement and shall be abbreviated PLC;

The General Secretariat: means the General Secretariat of the Movement;

SPLM-N Secretariat: means any of the Secretariats of the Movement below General Secretariat;

The Chairperson: means the Chairperson of the SPLM-N and Commander in Chief of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, and any Chairperson at any level of the Movement’s structures;

The Deputy Chairperson: means the member who represents the Chairperson in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;

The Speaker of the Council: means the Speaker of the liberation council at the level concerned;

The Secretary General: means the chief executive officer of the Movement;

The DeputySpeaker of the Council: means any of the Deputies of the Speaker of the liberation council at any level of the Movement;

The Secretary: means the Secretary of the Specialized Secretariat,Regional Secretary, or any Secretary at any level of the Movement;

The Assistant Secretary: means any assistant Secretary at the level concerned;

Syndicated and Popular Organizations: means women, youth, students, farmers, pastoralists,trader’s organizations and labor and professional trade unions;

The Region: means the SPLM-N level above the county, comprised of a number of Counties;

The County: means the SPLM-N level higher than the Payam, comprised of a number of Payams;

3

The Payam: means the SPLM-N level higher than the Boma, comprised of a number of Bomas;

The Boma: means the basic unit of the Movement;

The Cell: means the smallest political unit of the Movement;

The Chapter: means an SPLM-N branch abroad;

Article: 6.Sources of Legislation

The Movement draws its legislation from the following sources:
(1) The Manifesto;
(2) This Constitution;
(3) The Customs and Traditions;
(4) The will of the members.

Article: 7.The Language

This Constitution is promulgated in Arabic and English languages and in case of differences over interpretation of any of its provisions, the English version shall prevail.

Section II

Guiding Principles, Objectives and Means

Article: 8. The Guiding Principles The Movement shall be guided by the following principles:
(1) Good governance, supremacy of law, and the separation of powers;
(2) Democracy;
(3) Decentralization and devolution of powers;
(4) Respect of the customary rights of the indigenous peoples in their land;
(5) All citizens are equal regardless of race, color, religion, gender, or region;
(6) Zero tolerance to impunity;
(7) Citizenship is the basis for rights and duties;
(8) The restructuring of the Sudanese state;
(9) The right to self – determination for all peoples and Regions of the Sudan;
(10) Sudanese Identity which manifests the historical and contemporary diversity;
(11) Rewriting the history of Sudan;
(12) Respect for human rights, peoples’ rights, fundamental freedoms, and compliance with all regional and international covenants and conventions to which the Movement is a signatory;
(13) Catering for the disadvantaged segments of society;
(14) Gender equality and non – discrimination on gender basis;
(15) Political, economic, social and cultural empowerment of women;
(16) Safeguarding the rights of the child, as stipulated in the international conventions and agreements;
(17) Self-reliance and prosperity for all;
(18) Protection of the environment and the ecosystem;
(19) Development of human and natural resources.

4

Article: 9.Aims and Objectives

The principal aims and objectives of the Movement shall be as follows:
(1) The restructuring of the Sudanese state, and the building of a secular democratic New Sudan that is based on the participation and the free will of the Sudanese people;
(2) Emancipationof the Sudanese peoples from oppression, racial segregation, cultural assimilation, humiliation, and all forms of mal-practices that degrade human dignity;
(3) Build a common consciousness that shall enable the peoples and territories of the Sudan to determine their political future;
(4) Recognition and management of ethnic, and religious diversity of the Sudanese peoples, such that each group shall enjoy the right to practice their culture, religious rites, use, and develop their language;
(5) Recognize customary land rights for the indigenous groups and enact laws that protect and regulate the use and possession as well as prevention of land grabbing practices;
(6) Recognize and protect all the landmarks and artifacts of the Sudanese civilizations;
(7) All the indigenous Sudanese languages are national languages and consequently must be respected and developed;
(8) Ensure the implementation of the principles of decentralization and devolution of powers.

(9) Zero tolerance of corruption;
(10) Adopt an appropriate foreign policy that achieves regional and global cooperation and maintains peace and security;
(11) Achieve sustainable and balanced development;
(12) Apply affirmative action in favor of war-affected peoples and territories;
(13) Provide free health and education services;
(14) Ensure respect for human and peoples’ rights and guarantee fundamental freedoms;
(15) Cater for people with special needs and the elderly, and establish competent institutions to that effect;
(16) Promote and encourage scientific research and adopt modern technology;
(17) Strive to achieve the millennium development goals;
(18) Combat terrorism and extremism in all forms;
(19) Strives to support and strengthen civil society organizations;
(20) Transfer the towns to the rural areas;
(21) Establish mechanisms for transitional justice and fight against impunity;
(22) Compensation for the citizens of thewar-affected areas;
(23) Uphold the principle of voluntary unity for all the peoples and Regions of the Sudan;
(24) Solidarity with peace loving forces around the world;
(25) Involve the youth in the decision making processes;
(26) Adopt media and information policies that reflects ethnic, religious, cultural and intellectual diversity;
(27) Review contracts, agreements, or practices that were set against the will and interests of the Sudanese people.

Article: 10.The Means for theAchievement of the Objectives The SPLM strives to achieve its objectives through the following means:
(1) Armed struggle;

5

(2) Alliances;
(3) Negotiations;
(4) Popular uprising;
(5) Regional and international diplomacy;
(6) Any other means that conforms with the vision of the New Sudan.

Chapter II

Membership

Article: 11.Requirements of Membership

(1) The membership of the SPLM-N shall be open to all Sudanese citizens irrespective of gender, origin, race, creed or social status:
(2) Any person applies to SPLM-N membership shall meet the following conditions:
(a) Believes in and acknowledges the vision of the New Sudan;
(b) Not less than 18 years of age;
(c) Abides by this Constitution, Rules and Regulations and code of conduct issued thereunder;
(d) Undertakes to actively participate in the execution of the SPLM-N decisions and programs;
(e) Of sound mind;
(f) Good conduct and behavior;
(g) Submits membership application in writing which shall be considered in accordance with the regulations;
(h) Pays membership fees;
(i) Fulfills any other conditions specified by the regulations.

Article: 12.Oath of Allegiance

Each member of the Movement shall take the following oath of allegiance before an authorized official:
{I (quadrant) name, do hereby swear (oath) that I shall work for the realization, and uphold the vision of New Sudan, and shall comply with the provisions of this Constitution, laws and regulations and basic documents, and shall obey SPLM-N leaders and shall respect and implement decisions issued by all its institutions and shall utilize all my energy and skills to fully perform the duties assigned to me and shall preserve the unity and secrets of the Movement.

Article: 13. The Rights of a Member

With respect to the provisions of this Constitution and regulations, a member of the Movement shall enjoy the following rights:
(1) The right to elect, be elected or appointed to any of the various offices and institutions of the Movement;
(2) Participates in the meetings of the various organs of the Movement;
(3) Freely express his/her views within the Movement’s institutions and shall not be victimized for statements made during official meetings of the Movement;
(4) Obtains membership card;
(5) Accesses information about the policies and activities of the Movement;

6

(6) Be notified to attend meetings of the Movement;
(7) Suggests proposals, initiatives or inquiries;
(8) Appeals, whenever necessary, for reactivation or implementation of any of the provisions of this Constitution, laws or decisions or agreements or directives issued by the Movement or its leaders.

Article: 14. Duties and Obligations of a Member

The member of the Movement must comply with the following obligations:
(1) Works towards realization of the vision of the New Sudan;
(2) Responds to any assignment by the leadership or by the institutions of the Movement;
(3) Fights against racism, tribalism, sectarianism, gender discrimination, religious intolerance, and all other forms of discrimination;
(4) Pays membership and subscription fees;
(5) Maintains objectivity and constructive criticism in official and public debates in addition to the exercise of self-criticism;
(6) Attends meetings;
(7) Preserves, and protect the property of the Movement, and report on any misuse of assets;
(8) Keeps the confidentiality of classified information;
(9) Refrains from acts that create divisions within the Movement or weaken it;

(10) Actively participate in the implementation of the decisions and programs.

Article: 15. Loss of Membership The Membership shall be lost on any of the following grounds:
(1) Resignation;
(2) Death;
(3) Failure to pay monthly fees;
(4) Dismissal for any of the following reasons:
(a) Contravention of any provision of this Constitution, law or regulations;
(b) Changing of political allegiance;
(c) Engagement in activities aimed at undermining the vision of the New Sudan;
(d) Conviction by a court of law in an offence related to honor.

Chapter III

Organizational structures of the Movement

Article: 16. Organizational structures

(1) The organizational structures of the Movement consist of the following organs:
(a) National Organs;
(b) Regional Organs;
(c) County Organs;
(d) Payam Organs;
(e) Boma Organs.

(2) National Organs:
National structures consist of the following organs:

7

(a) The National Convention;
(b) The National Liberation Council;
(c) The Political and leadership Council;
(d) The National Secretariat and Chapters abroad.

(3) Regional Organs:
The Regional organs shall consist of the following:
(a) The Regional Congress;
(b) The Regional Liberation Council;
(c) The Regional Secretariat.

(4) County Organs:
The county organs shall consist of the following:
(a) The County Congress;
(b) The County Liberation Council;
(c) The County Secretariat.

(5) Payam Organs:
The Payam organs shall consist of the following:
(a) The Payam Congress;
(b) The Payam Liberation Council;
(c) The Payam Secretariat.

(6) Boma Organs:
The Boma organs shall consist of the following:
(a) The Boma Congress;
(b) The Boma Liberation Council;
(c) The Boma Secretariat.

Chapter IV

The National Convention and National Liberation Council

Section I

The National Convention (NC)

Composition, Meetings, Functions, and Duties

Article: 17.Composition of the National Convention (NC)

(1) The National Convention is the supreme political organ of the SPLM-N, and shall be composed of a number of delegates to be determined by the PLC andshall be equitably drawn from the Regions and other groups as follows:
(a) Delegates from the Regions to the National Convention shall not exceed 80% out of which 30% shall be representatives of women;
(b) Representatives of syndicated organizations, veterans and persons with special needs.
(c) Representatives of the SPLM-N chapters;
(d) Representatives of minorities and disadvantaged groups.
(2) The number of delegates from each Region shall be proportional to its registered membership.

8

Article: 18.Meetings of the National Convention

(1) The National Convention shall convene once every five years in an ordinary session, however it may convene by a recommendation from the Chairperson and the approval of the Council, or upon a written request by at least (⅓) one-third of the membership of the NLC;
(2) The quorum for the National Convention shall be (⅔) two – thirds of its membership, and in case it is not attained, the quorum for the next session shall be simple majority (50%+1) and its resolutions shall be binding;
(3) Resolutions of the National Convention shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority. In case of equal votes, the Chairperson of the Convention shall have the casting vote;
(4) The voting in the National Convention shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot.

Article: 19. Functions and Powers of the National Convention The functions of the National Convention shall be:

(1) Elects the National Convention Chairperson;
(2) Endorses and amends the Manifesto and the Constitution;
(3) Formulates policies and strategic directions for the Movement;
(4) Approves policies and programs of the Movement;
(5) Deliberates on and approves decisions of NLC;
(6) Reviews, approves, or abrogates any decisions issued by the Council;
(7) Elects SPLM-N Chairperson and members of the NLC;
(8) Ensures the commitment to the programs of the Movement and assess the performance of the Chairperson and NLC;
(9) May approve the decision to relieve or remove the Chairperson from office;
(10) May approve the NLC decision to lift immunity from the Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies;
(11) May delegate some of its functions and powers to the NLC.

Section II

The National Liberation Council (NLC)

Composition, functions, powers and Sessions

Article: 20. Composition of NLC

There shall be a National Liberation Council for the Movement which shall consist of the following:
1) Members elected by the National Convention;
2) Representatives of special groups to reflect the diversity of SPLM-N membership.

Article: 21. The Leadership of the NLC

(1) The leadership of the NLC shall consist of the Speaker and his/her Deputies;

9

(2) The Speaker shall nominate two Deputies including a femaleto be approved by the NLC;
(3) The Speaker shall preside over the sessions of the council, controls its activities, and supervise its affairs;
(4) The Speaker shall represent the council in official occasions;
(5) The NLC shall elect heads and members of its specialized committees and any other committees within the council as determined by the regulations;
(6) The Speaker, in consultation with the Chairperson and the Secretary General, shall appoint a non-NLC member as a rapporteur for the council.

Article: 22. Functions and Powers of the NLC

The National Liberation Council shall have the following functions and powers:
(1) leads the Movement between two sessions of the National Convention;
(2) Oversees implementation of policies, decisions and directives of the National Convention;
(3) Oversees the performance of the PLC;
(4) Approves the annual budget of the Movement;
(5) Elects one of the candidates nominated by the Chairperson, for the office of theSpeaker of the NLC;
(6) Approves Deputies to the Chairperson before their appointment;

(7) Endorses members nominated by the Chairperson to the Political and Leadership Council;
(8) Elects one of the two members nominated by the Chairperson for the office of Secretary General;
(9) Endorses appointment of head of judges and his/her Deputies;
(10) Approves members nominated by Secretary General for Specialized Secretariats and heads of committees;
(11) Reports to the National Convention;
(12) Ratifies regional and international treaties and agreements in which the Movement is party;
(13) Supervises and holds accountable the PLC and the General Secretariat for their performance, duties, and responsibilities;
(14) Be an appellate authority in the loss of membership dispute;
(15) Establishes standing or ad-hoc committees for carrying out special functions and duties;
(16) Deliberates on and endorses the speech of the Chairperson;
(17) Issues decisions on matters of public interest;
(18) Makes and adopts legislations;
(19) May relieve the Chairperson, any of his/her Deputies or the Secretary General by decision passed by simple majority (50%+1) on a request by (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(20) May remove the Chairperson from office for violating any of the provisions of this constitution or the law in an extraordinary session requested by not less than (⅓) of the NLC members by a decision taken by (⅔) of the members;
(21) May remove the Speaker, or any of the Deputies of the Chairperson or Secretary General from office by simple majority (50% +1), in an extraordinary session recommended by the Chairperson, or by (⅔) two – thirds majority of its membership on

10

a request by (⅓) one – third of its membership, for contravening any of the provisions of this Constitution;
(22) Determines its rules of procedures subject to the provisions of this Constitution;
(23) Any other tasks or powers assigned to it under the provisions of this Constitution.

Article: 23.Summoningand Prorogation of the NLC

(1) The NLC shall convene once every two years (regularly) and may convene extraordinarily on a request by the Chairperson or by (¼) quarter of its membership;
(2) The Chairperson may prorogue the NLC by decree, in accordance with the law;
(3) The quorum for the meetings of the NLC shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(4) Resolutions of the NLC shall be passed by simple majority(50%+1), and in case of equal votes the Speaker shall have the casting vote;
(5) Voting shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot;
(6) Without prejudice to Article (33/1) of this Constitution, NLC shall elect a Speaker from its members. The first session shall be presided over by the oldest member;
(7) The NLC shall have five years term.

Article: 24.Vacation of Seat in NLC

(1) A member of NLC shall vacate his/her seat by a decision of the NLC on the following grounds:

(a) Incapacitation by mental or physical illness according to recommendations made by specialized medical personnel;
(b) Conviction for a criminal offense that degrades honor;
(c) Absence from two consecutive sessions;
(d) Changing of allegiance;
(e) Holding any executive office in the Region level;
(f) Death.
(2) When a seat of a member in the NLC becomes vacant, a new member shall be elected from the same Electoral College within 60 days;
(3) Every member of the NLC shall take the following oath of membership before the Council:

{I (Quadrant name) was elected a member of the National Liberation Council, hereby swear (oath) to be honest and loyal to the Movement, and that I shall discharge my duties as a member of this Council with impartiality, respect and abide by the provisions of this Constitution and the law, and shall exert all my efforts for SPLM-N services}.

Chapter V.

The Political and Leadership Council and the General Secretariat

Section I
Political and leadership Council (PLC)
Composition, Functions, Duties and Meetings of the PLC

Article: 25. Composition of PLC

11

(1) There shall be a Political and Leadership Council PLC for the Movement which shall consist of at least (19) members that includes the Chairperson, his/her Deputies and the Secretary General and other members;

(2) The Chairperson shall nominate the members of the PLC in consultation with his/her Deputies whom thereafter shall be approved by NLC;
(3) The Chairperson, in consultation with his/her Deputies and Secretary General, shall appoint a rapporteur for the PLC;
(4) Membership in the PLC shall be lost by a decision from the Chairperson on similar grounds under which a seat in NLC becomes vacant; under article 24/1 of this Constitution;
(5) When the membership of PLC is lost, the Chairperson shall nominate a new member within 30 days of the decision;
(6) The PLC member shall take the same oath of NLC membership under Article (24/3) of this Constitution.

Article: 26.Functions and Duties of the PLC The PLC shall discharge the following functions and duties:

(1) Formulates Policies, plans and programs in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, and may establish standing or ad-hoc committees to perform some of its tasks;

(2) Supervises and directs political, administrative and executive activities of the Movement;
(3) Oversees management and control of all finances and assets of the Movement;
(4) Issues policy directives to the General Secretariat and receives reports;
(5) Ensures that all levels of the Movement work in a democratic, transparent, and effective manner;
(6) Delegates some of its functions to the General Secretariat;
(7) Nominates the National Convention Preparatory Committee to NLC for approval;
(8) Determines the number of NationalConvention members, place and date of convening;
(9) Vets, and approves nominees of the Secretary General for the Specialized Secretariats and heads of committees;
(10) Represents the Movement in events involving organizations, institutions, and other entities;
(11) Any functions or duties assigned to it by NLC, or by law.

Article: 27. Meetings of PLC

(1) The PLC shall meet once every six months, and the Chairperson may call for an extraordinary meeting or by a request of (⅔) two – thirds of the membership;

(2) The Chairperson shall preside over the PLC meetings;
(3) The quorum for the PLC meeting shall be simple majority (50%+1), and in case it is not attained, the meeting shall be adjourned and reconvened within two weeks. In the second meeting, the quorum shall be any number;
(4) PLC resolutions shall be passed by consensus, or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes, the Chairperson shall have the casting vote;
(5) The PLC shall have five years term, from the date approved by the NLC;
(6) The PLC may call any expert to its meetings.

12

Section II

General Secretariat

Composition, Functions, Duties and Meetings

Article: 28. Composition of the General Secretariat

(1) There shall be a General Secretariat for the Movement which shall consist of the following:
(a) Secretary General;
(b) Specialized Secretariats.
(2) All SPLM-N membership shall regularly refer to the General Secretariat organs at different levels for guidance and coordination;
(3) The General Secretariat may establish specialized committees to assist in performing its duties;
(4) The General Secretariat shall be accountable to the Chairperson, NLC and the PLC.

Article: 29.Functions and Duties of the General Secretariat The General Secretariat shall discharge the following tasks and duties:

(1) Prepares proposals, policies, programs and plans and submits them to PLC for approval;
(2) Implements policies, programs and decisions formulated by NLC or PLC;
(3) Conducts activities of the Movement;
(4) Submits reports to the PLC and the NLC;
(5) Receives reports from the Regions;
(6) The General Secretariat shall discharge its functions and duties through the members of standing or ad-hoc committees, working groups and discussionpanels;
(7) Manages SPLM-N resources;
(8) Any other duties or functions assigned by the Chairperson, the NLC, or PLC.

Article: 30. The Functions and Duties of the Specialized Secretariats The Specialized Secretariats shall undertake the following tasks and duties:

(1) Secretariat of Political and Organizational Affairs:
(a) Supervises elections in accordance with the regulations;
(b) Mobilizes the Sudanese people to support the vision, mission and the program of the Movement;
(c) Ensures commitment and adherence of SPLM-N cadres and membership at all levels of the organization to the vision, Mission and programs of the Movement and abide by its Constitution, rules and regulations;
(d) Translates SPLM-N policy positions into plans and programs and ensures their implementation;

13

(e) Disseminates the vision of New Sudan;
(f) Supports development and rehabilitation of the National Institute for political and leadership training;
(g) Maintains a register of membership of the Movement;
(h) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(2) Secretariat of Administrative Affairs:
(a) Manages property of the Movement;
(b) Organizes conferences, meetings and workshops;
(c) Provides protocol services to the Chairperson and the SPLM-N cadres during public activities;
(d) Provides security services for SPLM-N;
(e) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(3) Secretariat of Legal and Constitutional Affairs:
(a) Provides legal advice and services to the Movement;
(b) Training and rehabilitation for the legal staff;
(c) Drafting of laws, decisions, contracts and agreements;
(d) Raises awareness and respect for the principle of the supremacy of law;
(e) Establishes workshops, seminars for institutions and civil society organizations in the field of law;
(f) Disseminates information on human rights and legal documents of the Movement;
(g) Establishes a center for legal studies;
(h) Arbitrates and manages disputes;
(i) Receives legal auditor’s reports and submits them to the Secretary General;
(j) Any functions or duties assigned to it by Secretary General.

(4) Secretariat of Syndicated and Mass organizations;
(a) Supports and organizes syndicated and popular organizations;
(b) Organizes trader’s, farmers, pastoralists and professional trade unions;
(c) Encourages creativity among women and other groups;
(d) Raises awareness of groups and the public against the dangers of communicable diseases;
(e) Supports the activities of women, popular organizations and trade unions;
(f) Establishes a centralized database for members in various public and syndicated organizations;
(g) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(5) Secretariat of Culture, Information and Communication:
(a) Spokesperson for the movement;
(b) Provides information and organizes press conferences;
(c) Develops information programs and establishes visual and printed electronic media;
(d) Prepares plans for training of media cadres;
(e) Formulates comprehensive plans and programs for cultural activities;

14

(f) Releases leaflets and publications that reflect the vision, goals and programs of the Movement;
(g) Establishes and manages media and communication institutions for the Movement;
(h) Manages archives and museums;
(i) Prints documents and publications;
(j) Conducts opinion polls on policies and programs of the Movement;
(k) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(6) Secretariat of Training, Research and Planning:
(a) Develops programs;
(b) Conducts research and plans;
(c) Evaluates policies, programs, plans and projects;
(d) Assesses public response to the policies and programs of the Movement;
(e) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(7) Secretariat of Economic and Financial Affairs:
(a) Formulates policies and economic plans for the Movement;
(b) Be responsible for financial assets of the Movement;
(c) Prepares annual budget for the Movement in consultation with the Secretary General;
(d) Manages resources of SPLM-N in accordance with the laws and financial regulations;
(e) Keeps proper books of accounts in accordance with the SPLM financial regulations and universal standards;
(f) Keeps funds of the Movement in bank accounts, according to the rules and financial regulations;
(g) Collects contributions, donations subscriptions and grants in accordance with the rules and financial regulations;
(h) Invests surplus funds in feasible projects that have values by the approval of the General Secretariat;
(i) Ensures that SPLM-N accounts are annually audited;
(j) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(8) Secretariat of External Relations:
(a) Develops and maintains cordial relations with political parties and organizations inside and outside the country;
(b) Coordinates between the Movement and local, regional and international organizations;
(c) Initiates political programs in cooperation with parties, Movements and other bodies within and outside the country;
(d) Organizes and coordinates the work of SPLM-N offices abroad;
(e) Any other functions or duties assigned to it by the Secretary General.

(9) Secretariat of Social Affairs:
(a) Prepares and delivers programs on social services;

15

(b) Develops and activates plans and social strategies and strengthens social fabric;
(c) Promotes social ties among the membership;
(d) Develops plans for social protection and rehabilitation for people with special needs;
(e) Strengthens links between institutions of New Sudan and local, regional, and international organizations;
(f) Disseminates SPLM-N policies with respect to maternity and childhood;
(g) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.
(10) Secretariat of Youth and Students:
(a) Promotes creativity and scientific approach among the youth and students;
(b) Encourages the youth and students to organize themselves;
(c) Nurtures spirit of sacrifice, unity and solidarity among students;
(d) Promotes sports activities for young people and students;
(e) Develops strategies and programs to mobilize the youth and the students to participate in community development, literacy campaigns, and the preservation of environment;
(f) Employs youth and ensure their participation in decision making positions;
(g) Supports youth and student organizations;
(h) Organizes seminars and workshops;
(i) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

(11) Secretariat of Women Affairs:
(a) Creates programs to mobilize and organize women to participate in community development;
(b) Encourages women education;
(c) Combat harmful traditional practices and educate women of their rights;
(d) Build capacities of women and foster their participation in decision making processes;
(e) Supports women institutions;
(f) Caters for motherhood and childhood;
(g) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Secretary General.

Article: 31. Meetings of the General Secretariat

(1) The General Secretariat shall convene once every three months, and may hold an extraordinary meeting;
(2) The Secretary General or the Chairperson shall preside over the General Secretariat meetings;
(3) The General Secretariat shall meet upon invitation by the Secretary General;
(4) The quorum for the meeting of General Secretariat shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(5) The resolutions of the General Secretariat shall be passed by simple majority and in case of equal votes, the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;
(6) The General Secretariat may invite any expert for its meetings.

16

Chapter VI

The Chairperson, his/her Deputies and the Secretary General

Section I

The Chairperson and his/her Deputies

Article: 32.The Chairperson

Requirements of Nomination, Election, Duties, Powers and Vacation of the Office of the
Chairperson:
(1) The SPLM-N shall have a Chairperson who shall be Commander in Chief of the SPLA and Head of Civil Authority of the New Sudan;
(2) The Chairperson of the Movement shall be elected by the National Convention;
(3) Conditions of eligibility:
(3.1) A member nominated for the position of Chairperson shall:
(a) Be of sound mind;
(b) Committed to the vision of the New Sudan;
(c) Knows how to read and write;
(d) Not less than forty years of age;
(e) Not convicted of a criminal offense that degrades honor.

(3.2) Oath of Chairperson:
The Chairperson, before assuming office shall take oath of office before the National Convention:

{I (name quadrant) was elected Chairperson of the Movement and commander- in Chief for the Sudan People’s Liberation Army North, and the head of the civil authority of the New Sudan, hereby swear (oath) that I shall exert all my effort to achieve the New Sudan Vision and defend it, and shall respect the provisions of this Constitution and the law, and shall perform my functions and duties with honesty and sincerity and shall exert all my energies to implement tasks and duties assigned to me}.

Article: 33. Functions and Powers of the Chairperson The Chairperson shall discharge the following functions and powers:
(1) Nominates two members to NLC for the position of the Speaker;
(2) Nominates at least two members for the offices of the first Deputy and Deputy Chairperson to be approved by the Council;
(3) Nominates two members to the NLC to elect one of them as Secretary General;
(4) Nominates members of PLC to be approved by the NLC;
(5) Leads SPLM-N, the civil authority of the New Sudan and PLC and be the Commander in Chief of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army North;

17

(6) Presides over the meetings of the PLC;
(7) Presides over the meetings of the General Secretariat when necessary;
(8) Ensures the dissemination and implementation of policies and programs of the Movement;
(9) Supervises all SPLM-N and New Sudan organs;
(10) Submits political reports and other documents pertaining to NLC or PLC to National Convention;
(11) Establishes National Convention preparatory committee;
(12) May delegate some of his/her powers and functions to any of his/her Deputies;
(13) Determines seniorities of his/her Deputies;
(14) Approves laws;
(15) Approves death penalties, grant amnesty, and commutes sentences according to the provisions of this Constitution and the law;
(16) Directs and supervises SPLM-N foreign policy and ratifies international treaties and agreements, subject to the approval of the NLC;
(17) Issues provisional orders and decrees;
(18) Declares a state of emergency and cease-fire;
(19) Appoints regional governors;
(20) Invites NLC for sessions or adjourns them;
(21) Shall grant honorary membership;
(22) Appointment of head of judges and his/her Deputies subject to approval by NLC;
(23) Appointment of appeal court judges on recommendation by high judiciary council;
(24) Appointment of high court judges on recommendation by chief justice;
(25) Appointment of County court judges;
(26) Any other functions or powers determined by this Constitution or by law.

Article: 34. Vacation of Office of Chairperson

(1) The office of Chairperson shall become vacant for the following reasons:
(a) Resignation;
(b) Relieved;
(c) Removed;
(d) Death.
(2) In case the office of the Chairperson becomes vacant, first Deputy shall assume his/her position until a new Chairperson is elected by an Extraordinary National Convention within (60) days from the date of the vacancy.

Article: 35.Deputy Chairperson

(1) The Chairperson shall have at least two Deputies, in accordance with Article (33/2) of this Constitution. The first Deputy shall be Deputy Commander in Chief of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army North;
(2) The First Deputy Chairperson shall perform the following duties and powers:
(a) Acts on behalf of the Chairperson in his/her absence;
(b) Assists the Chairperson to perform his/her duties and powers;
(c) Any other tasks or powers assigned by the Chairperson.
(3) The Deputy Chairperson shall perform the following duties and powers:

18

(a) Carries out the functions and powers of the Chairperson and the first Deputy Chairperson in their absence;
(b) Any other functions or powers assigned to him/her by the Chairperson.
(4) The offices of first Deputy and Deputy Chairperson shall become vacant for the same reasons stipulated in reference to the office of the Chairperson;
(5) In case the offices of either first Deputy or Deputy Chairperson becomes vacant, the Chairperson shall nominate a replacement to be approved within (30) days of the vacancy.

Article: 36. Immunity of Chairperson and his/her Deputies

(1) The Chairperson and his/her Deputies shall enjoy immunity with respect to any legal proceedings and shall not be charged or prosecuted before any court;

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of item (1) above, the Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies may be tried before a court of appeal;
(3) The National Convention shall reach a decision by (⅔) two – thirds of its members to lift immunity of the Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies upon a request by the NLC.

Section II
Secretary General (S/G)
Conditions of Eligibility, his/her Functions and Duties and Vacation of Office

Article: 37. Requirements of Eligibility

(1) SPLM-N shall have a Secretary General who is the chief executive officer of the Movement;

(2) The NLC shall elect (SG) of the Movement from its members;
(3) The member who shall be nominated to the office of (SG) must fulfill the following conditions:
(a) Sound mind;
(b) Committed to the vision of New Sudan;
(c) Knows how to read and write;
(d) Thirty-five years of age or above;
(e) Must not have been convicted in a criminal offense that degrades honor.

Article: 38. Functions and Duties of Secretary General

(1) The Secretary General shall perform the following tasks and duties:
(a) Supervises the Specialized Secretariats;
(b) Recommends appointment of Secretaries to Specialized Secretariats to NLC for vetting and approval;
(c) Presides over meetings of General Secretariat;
(d) Receives reports from all lower levels;
(e) Delivers decisions and directives of NLC, PLC, General Convention and the General Secretariat to the Regions and ensures their implementation;

19

(f) Prepares periodic reports on the performance of General Secretariat and submit them to the NLC or PLC;
(g) Establishes a centralized database for human resources;
(h) Any other functions or duties assigned by the Chairperson or NLC.
(2) The office of Secretary General shall become vacant in the following cases:
(a) Acceptance of resignation;
(b) Relieved from duties;
(c) Removed from office;
(d) Death.
(3) In case the office of the Secretary General becomes vacant, the Secretary of Political and Organizational affairs shall assume the position until nomination and election of a new Secretary General.

Chapter VII

Organs of the Region

Section I

Regional Congress (RC)

Composition, functions and powers of the Regional Congress

Article: 39. Composition of the Regional Congress

(1) Delegates from the counties to the RC shall not exceed 90% of the total number of which 30% shall be representatives of women;
(2) Representatives of syndicated organizations, veterans and persons with special needs;
(3) Representatives of minorities and disadvantaged groups;
(4) The number of delegates from each county shall be proportional to its registered membership;
(5) The quorum for convening of RC shall be (⅔) two – thirds, of the members in the first session. In case the quorum is not attained, the second session shall be held in three months by simple majority (50%+1), and its decisions shall be binding;
(6) Resolutions of the Regional Congress in ordinary sessions shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) of the members, and in case of equal votes, the RC Chairperson shall have the casting vote;
(7) Regional Congress shall be convened once every five years and may hold extraordinary session by recommendation of the Regional Congress Chairperson and approval of RLC or at a request of (⅓) one – third of its membership;
(8) Voting in Regional Congress shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot.

Article: 40. Functions and Powers of the Regional Congress The Regional Congress shall have the following Functions and powers:

(1) Elects the Congress Chairperson;
(2) Ensures implementation of policies and programs of the Movement in the Region;
(3) Receives and discusses reports of the RLC and Regional Secretariat;
(4) May endorse, amend or abrogate any decision issued by the RLC;
(5) Elects SPLM-N Regional Chairperson, RLC and delegates to the National Convention;

20

(6) May approve decision of relief, removalof SPLM-N Regional Chairperson if it is recommended by RLC.

Section II

Regional Liberation Council (RLC)

Composition, Functions, Duties and Meetings of RLC

Article: 41. Composition of RLC The RLC shall consist of the following:

(1) Representatives of the Counties elected by the Regional Congress;
(2) Representatives of disadvantaged groups who shall be added on proportional basis to reflect the diversity of the SPLM-N membership.

Article: 42.The Leadership of RLC

(1) The RLC leadership shall consist of the Speaker and two of his/her Deputies;
(2) The RLC shall elect from its members the Speaker in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(3) The RLC Speaker shall preside over its sessions, and supervises the administrative affairs;
(4) The RLC Speaker shall nominate two Deputies including a female to be approved by the council;
(5) RLC Speaker shall represent RLC in official occasions;
(6) The RLC shall elect heads and members of its specialized committees and any other committees as determined by the rules;
(7) RLC Speaker, in consultation with the Regional Congress Chairperson and SPLM-N Regional Secretary, shall appoint a non-RLC member as a rapporteur for the RLC;

موت المناضل akhbarelwatane.net مصطفى كيحل الدكتور : مصطفى كيحل

(8) The member of RLC shall take similar oath of allegiance as NLC members;
(9) A seat in RLC shall become vacant by the same measures as in NLC;
(10) When a seat in RLC becomes vacant, another member shall be elected from the same Electoral College within 60 days.

Article: 43.Functions and Duties of RLC The RLC shall perform the following tasks and duties:

(1) Supervises and implements policies and decisions of the Regional Congress;
(2) Elects one of the two nominees by Regional Congress Chairperson to the office of SPLM-N Regional Chairperson;
(3) Approves nomination of Deputies to Regional Chairperson;

21

(4) Elects one of the two members nominated by theRegional Chairperson for the office of SPLM-N Regional Secretary;
(5) Monitors the performance of the Regional Secretariat;
(6) Approves the annual budget as proposed by the Regional Secretariat;
(7) Be an appellate authority in the loss of membership disputes;
(8) Reports to the Regional Congress;
(9) May relieve the RegionalChairperson or any of his/her Deputies or the Speaker of RLC or the Regional Secretary by simple majority (50%+1) at a request of (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(10) May remove the Regional Chairperson from office by (⅔) two – thirds majority for contravening any of the provisions of this Constitution, or the law in an extraordinary session requested at least by (⅓) one – third of the members of the RLC;
(11) May remove any of the Regional Chairperson Deputies or the Regional Secretary from office by simple majority (50%+1) in an extraordinary session requested by Regional Chairperson or by decision made by (⅔) two – thirds majority of its membership in an extraordinary session requested by at least (⅓) one – third of the membership;
(12) Makes or adopts legislations;
(13) Any other tasks and duties in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or law.

Article: 44.Convening and Postponement of RLC

(1) The RLC shall meet once annually in ordinary sessions upon invitation of the Regional Chairperson. It may hold an extraordinary session at a request by Regional Chairperson or (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(2) The quorum for meetings of RLC shall be simple majority (50%+1) in the first meeting, the second meeting shall be held by any number, and its decisions shall be binding;
(3) RLC resolutions shall be passed by consensus or simple majority;
(4) Voting in RLC shall be by raising hands, standing up or secret ballot;
(5) The first session of RLC shall be presided over by the oldest member of RLC;
(6) The Regional Chairperson may postpone the RLC by a decision in accordance with the rules.

Section III
SPLM-N Regional Secretariat
Composition, Functions, Duties, and Meetings

Article: 45. Composition of Regional Secretariat

(1) Region Secretariat shall consist of six assistants to Regional Secretary;
(2) The rules shall determine Regional Specialized Secretariats and their functions in accordance to the provisions of this Constitution;
(3) The Secretariat shall be accountable to the Chairperson and RLC.

Article: 46. Functions and Duties of Regional Secretariat

The Regional Secretariat shall be charged with the following tasks and duties:
(1) Formulates policies, programs and plans to be approved by the RLC;

22

(2) Implements policies, programs, plans and decisions issued by higher organs;
(3) Be responsible for activities of the Movement in the Region;
(4) Submits reports to the General Secretariat;
(5) Receives and studies reports of County Secretariats;
(6) Manages and supervises funds of the Movement in the Region and report on financial situations;
(7) Issues directives to County Secretariats;
(8) Supervises SPLM-N organs in the Region;
(9) Establish its rules and procedures;
(10) Any other tasks or duties determined by Regional Chairperson or RLC.

Article: 47.Meetings of Regional Secretariat

(1) Regional Secretariat shall meet once every two months, and may hold an extraordinary meeting;
(2) Regional Secretariat shall hold its meetings on invitation by the Regional Secretary in consultation with the Regional Chairperson;
(3) The quorum for the meetings of Regional Secretariat shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(4) Regional Secretary or SPLM-N Regional Chairperson shall preside over meetings of Regional Secretariat;

(5) Resolutions of the Regional Secretariat shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes, the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;
(6) Regional Secretariat may invite any expert to its meetings.

Chapter VIII
SPLM-N Regional Chairperson, his/her Deputies, and SPLM-N Regional Secretary

Section I

SPLM-N Regional Chairperson

Requirements of Nomination, Election, Vacancy of Office, Duties, and Powers

Article: 48. Election of SPLM Regional Chairperson

(1) The Regional Congress shall elect SPLM-N Regional Chairperson from its members;
(2) A nominee for election as SPLM-N Regional Chairperson shall meet the same requirements for nomination of SPLM-N Secretary General;
(3) The office of SPLM-N Regional Chairpersonshall become vacant by the same measures the SPLM-N Chairperson’s office at the national level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of Regional Chairperson becomes vacant, the same procedures for the Chairperson at the National level shall be followed.

Article: 49.Duties and Powers of SPLM-N Regional Chairperson SPLM-N Regional Chairperson shall have the following functions and powers:

(1) Nominates two members of RLC to elect one of them to the office of Speaker;
(2) Nominates two members to RLC to elect one as Regional Secretary;
(3) Presides over Regional Secretariat meetings;

23

(4) Ensures implementation and dissemination of policies and programs of the Movement in the Region;
(5) Supervises all SPLM-N organs in the Region;
(6) Briefs RLC on the political situation;
(7) Establishes Regional Congress preparatory committee on the recommendation of the Regional Secretariat;
(8) May delegate some of his/her functions or powers to any of his/her Deputies;
(9) Determines seniorities of his/her Deputies;
(10) The Speaker shall nominate two members including a female to RLC for approval as Deputies;
(11) Any other functions or powers assigned by the Movement in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or regulations.

Article: 50.Deputy Regional Chairperson

(1) The Regional Chairperson of the Movement shall have two Deputies;
(2) The first Deputy Regional Chairperson shall be charged with the following:
(a) Acts on behalf of the Regional Chairperson in his/her absence;
(b) Assists the Regional Chairperson in performinghis/her duties and powers;
(c) Performs any other tasks or powers assigned to him/her.
(3) Deputy Regional Chairperson shall perform functions and powers of the Regional Chairperson or firstDeputyChairperson in their absence;
(4) Office of Regional Deputy Chairperson shall become vacant under the same measures in which the office of Regional Chairperson becomes vacant;
(5) In case any office of Deputies to Regional Chairperson becomes vacant, the Chairperson shall nominate a Deputy to RLC for approval within (30) days.

Article: 51. SPLM-N Regional Secretary

(1) RLC shall elect from its members, a Regional Secretary;
(2) SPLM-N Regional Secretary shall meet the same requirements of nomination of Secretary General;
(3) Office of the Regional Secretary shall become vacant by the same measures as the office of Secretary General;
(4) If the office of Regional Secretary becomes vacant, assistant Regional Secretary for Political and Organizational Affairs shall assume the office until a new Regional Secretary is elected in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

Article: 52. Functions and Duties of SPLM-N Regional Secretary The SPLM-N Regional Secretary shall perform the following tasks and duties:
(a) Presides over meetings of the Regional Secretariat;
(b) Nominates his/her assistants to RLC for approval in consultation with the Regional Chairperson;
(c) Receives reports of County Secretariats;

24

(d) Passes decisions and polices of the Movement to the Counties and ensures their implementation;
(e) Submits reports about the performance of the Regional Secretariat to the General Secretariat, Regional Chairperson, and RLC;
(f) Shall be accountable to the Chairperson and RLC;
(g) Any functions or duties assigned by Regional Chairperson or by RLC.

Chapter IX

County Organs

Section I

County Congress, Liberation Council, and County Secretariat

Article: 53. County Congress (CC)

(1) Delegates from the Payams to the CC shall not exceed 90% of the total number of which 30% shall be representatives of women;

(2) Representation of syndicated organizations veterans, persons of special needs, disabled, disadvantaged and minority groups shall be advised by the COC;
(3) The number of delegates from each Payam shall be proportional to its registered membership;
(4) The quorum for the convening of County Congress shall be (⅔) two – thirds of its members in the first meeting. The second session shall be held in two months, and the quorum shall be simple majority (50%+1) and its decisions are binding;
(5) Resolutions of County Congress shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes, the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;
(6) County Congress shall convene once every five years, and may hold an extraordinary session on a request of the Chairperson with the approval of CLC or by request of (⅓) one – third of its membership;
(7) Voting in County Congress shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot.

Article: 54. Functions and Powers of SPLM-N County Congress The County Congress shall perform the following functions and powers:
(1) Elects County Chairperson, members of county Liberation Council and delegates to Regional Congress;
(2) May adopt decisions of County Liberation Council to relieve or remove County Chairperson;

(3) ensures the implementation of policies of the Movement in the county;
(4) Receives and discusses reports of the CLC and County Secretariat;
(5) May adopt any amendment or repeal any decision issued by CLC.

25

Article: 55.County Liberation Council (CLC)

The CLC shall consist of the following:
(1) Payams representatives who were elected from Payam Congresses;
(2) Representatives of the disadvantaged and minority groups.

Article: 56.Leadership of CLC

(1) CLC shall consist of County Chairperson and his/her two Deputies;
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of Article (63/1) of this Constitution the CLC shall elect a Speaker from its membership;
(3) CLC Speaker shall preside over the meetings of CLC, and supervise its administrative affairs;
(4) CLC Speaker shall nominate two Deputies including a female to be approved by CLC;
(5) The Speaker shall represent the council in official occasions;
(6) CLC shall elect heads and members of its specialized committees and any other committees as determined by the rules;
(7) The Speaker in consultation with County Chairperson and County Secretary shall appoint a non-CLC member as rapporteur;
(8) A member of CLC shall take the same oath of allegiance as NLC members;
(9) A seat in CLC shall become vacant by the same measures in which a seat in NLC becomes vacant;

(10) When a seat in CLC becomes vacant, a new member of CLC shall be elected from the same Electoral College within (60) days.

Article: 57.Functions and Duties of CLC The CLC shall perform the following functions and duties:

(1) Adopts County Chairperson nominees for the office of Deputy County Chairperson;
(2) Elects one of the nominees by County Chairperson as a Speaker;
(3) Leads the Movement in the Region between its two Congresses;
(4) Supervises implementation of policies and decisions of County Congress;
(5) Monitors performance of County Secretariat;
(6) Passes annual budget of County Secretariat;
(7) Be an appellate authority in the case of loss of membership disputes;
(8) Elects one of the nominees of County Chairperson as County Secretary;
(9) Approves assistants to County Secretary;

(10) Reports to County Congress;
(11) May relieve County Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies or CLC Speaker or County Secretary from office by simple majority (50%+1) on a request of (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(12) May remove County Chairperson from office for violating any of the provisions of this
Constitution or the law, by a decision passed by (⅔), two – thirds majority of its membership in an extraordinary session held at a request of at least (⅓) one – third of the membership;
(13) May remove the Speaker or any of the Deputies to County Chairperson or County Secretary by a decision passed by simple majority (50%+1) in an extraordinary session requested by County Chairperson. They may also be removed by (⅔) two – thirds of the

26

membership in an extraordinary session requested by at least (⅓) one – third of the membership, for contravening provisions of this Constitution;
(14) Make its rules of procedures in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(15) Passes rules and regulations.

Article: 58. Meetings of CLC

(1) CLC shall meet regularly once every year and may hold an extraordinary meeting on a request of the Chairperson or (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(2) The quorum for meetings of the CLC shall be a simple majority (50%+1) in the first meeting. The quorum at the second meeting shall be any number, and its decisions are binding;
(3) Resolutions of CLC shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1). In case of equal votes, the Speaker shall have the casting vote;
(4) Voting in CLC shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot;
(5) The first CLC meeting shall be presided over by the oldest member.

Article: 59. County Secretariat

(1) The County Secretariat shall consist of the County Secretary and his/her five assistants;
(2) Determines the regulations and functions of the Specialized Secretariats in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;

(3) Shall be accountable to County Chairperson and CLC.

Article: 60. Functions and Duties of County Secretariat

The County Secretariat shall be charged with the following functions and duties:
(1) Formulates policies, programs and plans to be approved by CLC;
(2) Implements policies, programs, plans and decisions issued by the higher organs of the Movement;
(3) Be responsible for the activities of SPLM-N in the County;
(4) Supervises the performance of the Payams Secretariats;
(5) Submits reports and be accountable to County Chairperson and CLC in performance of its functions and duties;
(6) Receives and studies reports delivered from PayamsSecretariats;
(7) Manages and controls funds and property of the Movement at County level and report on financial status;
(8) Issues directives and polices to PayamSecretariats;
(9) Supervises and directs activities of SPLM-N organs in the County;
(10) Supervises performance of women and youth;
(11) Provides the membership with knowledge and expertise;
(12) Issues its rules of procedures;
(13) Any tasks determined by County Chairperson or CLC.

Article: 61. Meetings of County Secretariat

(1) The County Secretariat shall meet once a month, and may hold an extraordinary meeting;

27

(2) County Secretariat meetings shall be held upon invitation of County Secretary in consultation with the County Chairperson;
(3) The quorum for County Secretariat meetings shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(4) The County Secretariat or Chairperson, shall preside over the meetings of County Secretariat;
(5) Resolutions of County Secretariat shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1), and in case of equal votes, the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;

(6) May invite any expert to its meetings.

Section II

County Chairperson, his/her Deputies and County Secretary

Article: 62. County Chairperson

(1) The County Congress shall elect from its members, a Chairperson of the Movement in the County;
(2) SPLM-N County Chairperson nominee shall meet the same requirements of Secretary General;
(3) The office of County Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures the office of the Chairperson at the National Level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of the County Chairperson becomes vacant, the same measures as in the case of the office of the Chairperson at the National Level will apply.

Article: 63.Functions and Powers of County Chairperson The County Chairperson shall have the following functions and powers:

(1) Nominates two members from CLC membership to the council to elect the Speaker;
(2) Nominates two members to CLC for approval as Deputies to Chairperson;
(3) Nominates two members from CLC membership to the council to elect the County Secretary;
(4) Presides over County Secretariat meetings;
(5) Ensures implementation and dissemination of policies and programs of the Movement in the County;
(6) Supervises all SPLM-N County Organs and ensures that they perform their functions effectively;
(7) Briefs CLC on the political situation;
(8) Establishes County Congress preparatory committee as recommended by County Secretariat;
(9) May delegate some of his/her duties and powers to his/her Deputy;
(10) May postpone CLC meetings in accordance with the regulations;
(11) Any other functions or powers assigned to him/her.

28

Article: 64.Deputy County Chairperson

(1) The County Chairperson shall have at least two Deputies including a female;
(2) The County First DeputyChairperson shall perform the following:
(a) Carries out the functions and powers of County Chairperson in his/her absence;
(b) Assists County Chairperson to carry out his/her duties and powers;
(c) Performs any functions or powers he/she shall be assigned to.
(3) DeputyCounty Chairperson shall perform functions and powers of County Chairperson and the FirstDeputy to County Chairperson in their absence;
(4) Office of DeputyCounty Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures the office of the Chairperson becomes vacant;
(5) If the office of DeputyChairperson becomes vacant, County Chairperson shall nominate a Deputy to CLC for approval within (30) days.

Article: 65.SPLM-N County Secretary

(1) The CLC shall elect from its membership, SPLM-N County Secretary in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(2) SPLM-N County Secretary nominee shall meet the same requirements of nomination of Secretary General at National level;
(3) The office of County Secretary shall become vacant under the same measures as the office of the Secretary General;
(4) If the office of County Secretary becomes vacant, the assistant County Secretary for Political and Organizational Affairs shall assume the office until the election of a new County Secretary.

Article: 66. Functions and Duties of SPLM-N County Secretary The SPLM-N County Secretary shall perform the following:

(1) Presides over the meetings of County Secretariat;
(2) Appoints his/her assistants in consultation with County Chairperson subject to approval by CLC;
(3) Receives reports from PayamSecretariats;
(4) Delivers decisions and directives of the Movement to thePayams and ensures their implementation;
(5) Prepares and writes reports on the performance of the County Secretariat to the County Chairperson, CLC, and Regional Secretariat;
(6) Any duties assigned by the County Chairperson or CLC.

Chapter X

Payam Organs

Section I
Payam Congress, Liberation council (PLC) and Payam Secretariat

Article: 67.Payam Congress (PC)

29

(1) Delegates from the Bomas to the PC shall not exceed 90% of the total number of which 30% shall be representatives of women;
(2) Representation of syndicated organizations veterans, persons of special needs, disabled, disadvantaged and minority groups shall be advised by the COC;
(3) The number of delegates from each Boma shall be proportional to its registered membership;
(4) Quorum to convene Payam Congress shall be (⅔) two – thirds of its membership, in the first meeting.The second session shall be held in two months and the quorum shall be simple majority (50%+1) and its decisions shall be binding;
(5) Resolutions of Payam Congress shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes the Payam Congress Chairperson shall have the casting vote;
(6) Payam Congress shall convene once every five years, and may hold an extraordinary session on a recommendation of the Payam Chairperson with the approval of PLC or on a request of (⅓) one – third of its membership;
(7) Voting in Payam Congress shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot.

Article: 68.Functions and Powers of the Payam Congress The Payam Congress shall perform the following functions and powers:
(1) Elects Payam Chairperson, PLC members and delegates to County Congress;
(2) Receives and discusses reports of PLC and Payam Secretariat;
(3) Endorses, amends or abrogate any decision issued by PLC;
(4) Ensures implementation of SPLM-N policies in the Payam;
(5) Endorses decisions issued by PLC to relieve or remove Payam Chairperson from office.

Article: 69.The Payam Liberation Council (PLC)

(1) PLC shall consist of the following:
(a) Representatives elected from Bomas to Payam Congress;
(b) Representation of syndicated organizations, veterans, persons of special needs, disabled, disadvantaged and minority groups shall be advised by the COC.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of Article (76/1), the PLC shall elect a Speaker from its membership;
(3) The Speaker of PLC shall nominate two Deputies including a female;
(4) The Speaker shall preside over the meetings of PLC, and supervise its administrative affairs;
(5) The Speaker of PLC shall represent PLC in official occasions;
(6) The Speaker of PLC in consultation with Payam Chairperson and PayamSecretary shall appoint a non PLC member as rapporteur for PLC;
(7) PLC member shall take the same oath of allegiance as NLC member;
(8) A seat in PLC shall become vacant by the same measure a seat in NLC becomes vacant;
(9) When a seat in PLC becomes vacant, a new PLC member shall be elected from the same Electoral College within 60 days.

Article: 70.Functions and Duties of PLC The PLC shall perform the following functions and duties:

30

(1) Endorses Payam Chairperson nominees to the office of the Payam Secretary;
(2) Leads the Movement in thePayam between its two Congresses;
(3) Oversees implementation of policies and decisions of Payam Congress;
(4) Supervises performance of Payam Secretariat;
(5) Approves SPLM-N Payam budget;
(6) Be an appellate authority in loss of membership disputes;
(7) Endorses the Nominee of Payam Chairperson to the office of Payam Secretary;
(8) Reports to Payam Congress;
(9) Establishes Payam Congress preparatory committee on recommendation of Payam Secretariat;
(10) May relieve Payam Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies or a Speaker of PLC or Payam Secretary by decision passed by simple majority (50%+1) on a request made by

(¼) a quarter of its membership;
(11) May remove Payam Chairperson from office by a decision passed by (⅔) two – thirds majority in an extraordinary session requested by at least (⅓) one – third of its membership for violating any of the provisions of this Constitution or law;
(12) May remove Speaker of PLC or any of the Deputies of the Payam Chairperson or Payam Secretary from their respective offices by simple majority (50%+1) in an extraordinary session requested by Payam Chairperson or by (⅔) two – thirds majority in an extraordinary session requested by at least (⅓) one – third of its membership for violating any provision of this Constitution;
(13) Any other functions and duties assigned by law.

Article: 71.Meetings of PLC

(1) PLC shall meet once every six months and may convene an extraordinary meeting upon invitation of Payam Chairperson, or at a request of (¼) quarter of its membership;
(2) Quorum for PLC meeting shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(3) Resolutions of PLC shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes, the Speaker shall have the casting vote;
(4) Voting in PLC shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot;
(5) The Speaker of PLC shall be elected in its first meeting that is presided over by the oldest member.

Article: 72.Payam Secretariat

(1) Payam Secretariat shall consist of PayamSecretary and his/her five assistants;
(2) Rules and Regulations shall determine Specialized Secretariats in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(3) Shall be accountable to Payam Chairperson and PLC.

Article: 73.Functions and Duties of Payam Secretariat The Payam Secretariat shall perform the following functions and duties:
(1) Formulates policies, programs and plans to be approved by PLC;
(2) Implements policies, programs, plans and decisions issued by higher organs of the Movement;
(3) Supervises activities of the Movement in the Payam;

31

(4) Submits reports to County Secretariat;
(5) Receives and studies reports from Boma Secretariats;
(6) Manages and controls funds and property of the Movement at Payam level, and submits reports on financial status;
(7) Issues directives and instructions to Boma Secretariats;
(8) Oversees and guides the functions of SPLM-N Payam Organs;
(9) Supervises women and youth activities;
(10) Provides the membership with knowledge and expertise;
(11) Makes its rules of procedures;
(12) Any other duties or functions determined by Payam Chairperson or PLC.

Article: 74.Meetings of Payam Secretariat

(1) The Payam Secretariat shall meet once a month, and may hold an extraordinary meeting;
(2) Payam Secretariat shall meet upon invitation of Payam Secretary in consultation with Payam Chairperson;
(3) The quorum for meetings of the Secretariat shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(4) Payam Secretary or Payam Chairperson shall preside over the meetings;
(5) Resolutions of Payam Secretariat shall be by consensus or simple majority (50%+1), and in case of equal votes the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;

(6) May invite any expert to its meetings.

Section II
Payam Chairperson, his/her Deputies and Payam Secretary

Article: 75.Payam Chairperson

(1) Payam Congress shall elect a Chairperson from its membership;
(2) SPLM-N Payam Chairperson shall meet the same requirements of nomination of Secretary General;
(3) The office of Payam Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures under which the office of Chairperson at National level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of Payam Chairperson becomes vacant, the same measures with regards to the Chairperson at National level shall apply.

Article: 76.Functions and Powers of Payam Chairperson The Payam Chairperson shall perform the following functions and powers:
(1) Nominates two candidates from its membership to PLC to elect the Speaker;
(2) Nominates two candidates from its membership to PLC for approval as Deputies;
(3) Nominates two candidates from its membership to PLC to elect Payam Secretary;
(4) Presides over meetings of Payam Secretariat;
(5) Ensures implementation and dissemination of policies and programs of the Movement in the Payam;
(6) Supervises all SPLM-N Payam organs;
(7) Briefs PLC on the political situation;
(8) May delegate some of his/her powers to his/her Deputy;
(9) May postpone PLC meetings in accordance with the rules;

32

(10) Any other functions or powers assigned by the Movement in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or rules.

Article: 77.DeputyPayam Chairperson

(1) The Payam Chairperson shall have at least two Deputies;
(2) The Payam First Deputy Chairperson shall be charged with the following:
(a) Carry out the functions and powers of Payam Chairperson in his/her absence;
(b) Assists Payam Chairperson in performance of his/her powers and functions;
(c) Any other functions assigned by the Payam Chairperson.
(3) DeputyPayam Chairperson shall perform functions and powers of Payam Chairperson and the functions and powers of the First DeputyPayam Chairperson in their absence;
(4) Office of DeputyPayam Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures the office of SPLM-N Chairperson becomes vacant;
(5) If the office of Deputy Payam Chairperson becomes vacant, the Payam Chairperson shall nominate to PLC a Deputy within (30) days.

Article: 78. SPLM-N Payam Secretary

(1) The PLC shall elect from its membership the Payam Secretary in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(2) The Payam Secretary shall meet the same requirements of nomination of the Secretary General at National level;
(3) The office of Payam Secretary shall become vacant by the same measures the office of Secretary General at the National level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of Payam Secretary becomes vacant the Assistant Payam Secretary for Political and Organizational Affairs shall assume office until a new SPLM-N Payam Secretary is elected.

Article: 79.Functions and Duties of SPLM-N Payam Secretary SPLM-N Payam Secretary shall perform the following functions:

(1) Presides over meetings of Payam Secretariat;
(2) Appoint his/her assistants Subject to approval by PLC;
(3) Receives reports from SPLM-N BomaSecretariats;
(4) Prepares periodic reports about the performance of PayamSecretariat to PLC;
(5) Passes decisions and directives of the Movement down to the Bomas;
(6) Any other functions or duties assigned by Payam Chairperson or PLC.

Chapter XI
Boma Organs

Section I
Boma Congress, Liberation Council and the Boma Secretariat

Article: 80.Boma Congress (BC)

(1) SPLM-N Boma Congress (BC) shall consist of all registered members in the Boma;

33

(2) The quorum for BomaCongress shall be (⅔) two – thirds of the registered members, in the first meeting. In the second meeting quorum shall be simple majority (50%+1) and its decisions are binding;
(3) Resolutions at Boma Congress shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes the Congress Chairman shall have the casting vote;
(4) Boma Congress shall be held once every five (5) years and may hold an extraordinary session on a request of Boma Chairperson by approval of Boma Liberation Council or upon request of (⅓) one – third of its members;
(5) Voting in Boma Congress shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot.

Article: 81.Functions and Powers of Boma Congress The Boma Congress shall have the following functions and powers:
(1) Elects Boma Chairperson,Boma Liberation Council, and delegates to Payam Congress;
(2) Ensures implementation of SPLM-N policies in the Boma;
(3) Receives and discusses reports of Boma Liberation Council and Boma Secretariat;
(4) Endorses, amends or abrogates any decision issued by the Boma Liberation Council;
(5) May approve decisions of Boma Liberation Council to remove Boma Chairperson from office.

Article: 82.Boma Liberation Council (BLC)

(1) BLC shall consist of the Boma Chairperson, his/her Deputies, BomaSecretary and at least twelve members elected by the Boma Congress of whom 30% shall be women;
(2) BLC shall elect a Speaker from its membership;
(3) BLC Speaker shall preside over its sessions, and supervise its administrative affairs;
(4) The Speaker of BLC shall nominate two Deputies, including a female, to be approved by BLC;
(5) The Speaker of BLC shall represent the Council in official occasions;
(6) The Speaker of BLC in consultation with Boma Chairperson and Boma Secretary, shall appoint a non-BLC member as rapporteur for the Council;
(7) Each member of BLC shall take the same oath of allegiance as NLC member;
(8) A seat in BLC shall become vacant on the same measures under which a seat in NLC becomes vacant;
(9) If a seat in BLC becomes vacant a new member shall be elected from the same Electoral College within (60) days.

Article 83. Functions and Duties of Boma Liberation Council (BLC)

The BLC shall perform the following functions and duties:
(1) Endorses nominees of Boma Chairperson for the offices of Deputies;
(2) Leads the Movement between two sessions of Boma Congress;
(3) supervises the implementation of policies and resolutions of the Congress;
(4) Approves the annual budget as proposed by Boma Secretariat;
(5) Be an appellate authority in loss of membership disputes;
(6) Elects one of the two members nominated by Boma Chairperson to the office of Speaker of BLC;

34

(7) Elects one of the two members nominated by Boma Chairperson to the office of Boma Secretary;
(8) Approves assistants to the Boma Secretary;
(9) Submits reports to Boma Congress;
(10) Establishes Boma Congress preparatory committee, on recommendation of Boma Secretariat;
(11) Make its rules of procedure in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(12) May relieve Boma Chairperson or any of his/her Deputies or Boma Secretary from their offices by a decision passed by simple majority (50%+1) on a request of (¼) a quarter of its membership;
(13) May remove Boma Chairperson from office by a decision passed by (⅔) two – thirds majority in an extraordinary session requested by at least (⅓) one – third of its membership, for violating any of the provisions of this Constitution and law;
(14) May remove the Speaker of BLC or any of the Deputies to Boma Chairperson or Boma Secretary from office by simple majority (50%+1) in an extraordinary session requested by Boma Chairperson. They may also be removed by (⅔) two – thirds of its membership in an extraordinary session requested by not less than (⅓) one – third of its membership for contravening any of the provisions of this Constitution.

Article: 84. Meetings of the BLC

(1) The BLC shall meet once every three months and may convene an extraordinary session, upon invitation of Boma Chairperson, or by a request of (¼) quarter of its membership;

(2) The quorum for BLC meetings shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(3) Resolutions of BLC shall be passed by consensus or by simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes, the Chair of the session shall have the casting vote;
(4) Voting in BLC shall be by raising hands, standing up, or secret ballot;
(5) The Speaker of BLC shall be elected at its first session which shall be presided over by the oldest member of the Council.

Article: 85.Boma Secretariat

(1) The Boma Secretariat shall consist of BomaSecretary and his/her five assistants;
(2) The regulations shall determine the functions of the Specialized Secretariats in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(3) Boma Secretariat shall be accountable to Boma Chairperson and the BLC.

Article: 86. Functions and Duties of Boma Secretariat The Boma Secretariat shall perform the following functions and duties

(1) Formulates policies, programs and plans to be approved by BLC;
(2) Implements policies, programs, plans and decisions issued by the higher organs of the Movement;
(3) Shall be responsible of the activities of the Movement in the Boma;
(4) Submits reports to Payam Secretariat;
(5) Receives and studies reports submitted by the Cells;
(6) Manages and controls funds and property of the Movement at Boma level and submits reports on the financial status;

35

(7) Passes directives and instructions down to the Cells;
(8) Supervises and guides the activities of the Movement in Boma organs;
(9) Supervises the activities of women and youth in the Boma;
(10) Provides membership with knowledge and expertise;
(11) Any other tasks or duties determined by Boma Chairperson or BLC.

Article: 87.Meetings of Boma Secretariat

(1) Boma Secretariat shall meet once every month, and may hold an extraordinary meeting;
(2) Boma Secretariat shall hold its meetings upon invitation of Boma Chairperson in consultation with Boma Secretary;
(3) The quorum for meetings of Boma Secretariat shall be simple majority (50%+1);
(4) Boma Secretary or Boma Chairperson shall preside over meetings of Boma Secretariat;
(5) Resolutions of Boma Secretariat shall be passed by consensus or simple majority (50%+1) and in case of equal votes the Chair of the meeting shall have the casting vote;

(6) Boma Secretariat may invite any expert for its meetings.

Section II
Boma Chairperson, his/her Deputies and Boma Secretary

Article: 88.Boma Chairperson

(1) Boma Congress shall elect from its membership the Chairperson of the Movement in the Boma;
(2) SPLM-N Boma Chairperson shall meet the same requirements of nomination of Secretary General;
(3) Office of Boma Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures the office of Chairperson at national level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of Boma Chairperson becomes vacant, the same measures for the office of Chairperson at the National level shall apply.

Article: 89.Boma Chairperson’s Functions and Powers The Boma Chairperson shall perform the following functions and powers:

(1) Nominates two members as Deputies to the Boma Chairperson to BLC for approval;
(2) Nominates two members for the office of Boma Secretary to BLC to elect one;
(3) Presides over meetings of Boma Secretariat;
(4) Ensures implementation and dissemination of policies and programs of the Movement in the Boma;
(5) Nominates two members to the office of the Speaker for BLC to elect one;
(6) Supervises all SPLM-N, organs in the Boma;
(7) Briefs the BC or BLC on the political situation;
(8) May delegate some of his/her functions and powers to his/her Deputy;
(9) May postpone PLC meetings in accordance with the rules;
(10) Any other tasks assigned in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the rules.

Article: 90.Deputy Boma Chairperson

36

(1) First DeputyBoma Chairperson shall be charged with the following responsibilities:
(a) Acts on behalf of Boma Chairperson in his/her absence;
(b) Assists Boma Chairperson in the performance of his/her duties;
(c) Performs any other functions and duties.
(2) DeputyBoma Chairperson shall perform functions and powers of BomaChairperson and the First DeputyBomaChairperson in their absence;
(3) Office of Deputy Boma Chairperson shall become vacant by the same measures the office of SPLM-N Chairperson becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of DeputyBomaChairperson becomes vacant, theBoma Chairperson shall nominate a Deputy to be approved by BLC within thirty days.

Article: 91. SPLM-N Boma Secretary

(1) BLC shall elect from its members SPLM-N Boma Secretary in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution;
(2) SPLM-N BomaSecretary shall meet the same requirements of nomination of Secretary General;
(3) Office of SPLM-N BomaSecretary shall become vacant by the same measures the office of Secretary General at the National level becomes vacant;
(4) If the office of SPLM-N Boma Secretary becomes vacant, his/her Assistant for Political and Organizational Affairs shall assume office until election of a new SPLM-N Boma Secretary.

Article: 92.Functions and Duties of SPLM-N Boma Secretary The SPLM-N Boma Secretary shall perform the following functions and duties:
(1) Appoints assistants in consultation with Boma Chairperson and his/her Deputes subject to approval by BLC;
(2) Receives reports from the Cells;
(3) Presides over Boma Secretariat meetings;
(4) Passes decisions and directives of theMovement down to the Cells;
(5) Prepares periodic reports on the performance of the Boma Secretariat and submits them to the higher level;
(6) Any other tasks or duties assigned in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or rules.

Chapter XII
SPLM-N Financial Provisions

Article: 93. Financial Resources of the Movement

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, laws and regulations, the financial resources of the

Movement shall consist of the following:
(1) Membership subscriptions and fees;
(2) Investment revenues and profits from funds and deposits;
(3) Revenues from services, publications, and information media;
(4) Donations, grants, wills, gifts and other contributions;
(5) Loans and any other sources in accordancewith the law.

37

Article: 94. Management of SPLM-N Finances

(1) SPLM-N funds shall be managed in accordance with the laws, regulations and internationally accepted standards;
(2) The fiscal year of the Movement shall start in the first of July and ends in the 30th of June of the following year;
(3) The Secretary General and Secretary for Financial and Economic Affairs shall keep records that show all SPLM-N fixed and movable assets in accordance with laws and rules;
(4) The General Secretariat shall prepare annual budget of the Movement, based on annual budget proposals prepared by organs of the Movement at all levels and submit it to PLC and NLC for approval.

Article: 95.SPLM-N Accounts

(1) The SPLM-N General Secretariat shall keep accounts, books and records according to internationally recognized standers;
(2) SPLM-N shall keep its funds in authorized banks and transactions shall be in accordance with laws and regulations;
(3) SPLM-N Secretariats at all levels shall submit reports on their financial revenues to their immediate higher levels up to General Secretariat. They shall not spend only on approval by General Secretariat according to approved budget;
(4) The General Secretariat may provide financial support to any level below.

Article: 96. Audit of Accounts

(1) SPLM-N accounts shall be audited every year by certified accountants, three months before the end of the fiscal year;
(2) General Secretariat and all organs of the Movement shall commit to cooperating with the auditor and help him/her to check all needed documents;
(3) The auditor shall prepare reports and submit them to PLC through General Secretariat.

Chapter XIII

Miscellaneous and Transitional Provisions

Section I

Miscellaneous Provisions

Article: 97.Sudan People’s Liberation Army North (SPLA-N)

SPLA-N is a revolutionary force and the law shall regulate its structures, functions and powers.

Article: 98. Rights of Women

With respect to rights stated in Regional and International Charters, women’s rights manifest as follows:
(1) Human dignity;
(2) Equality with men in rights and duties;
(3) Equal pay for equal work;

38

(4) Equality before the law;
(5) Representation in the organs of the Movement and public institutions by 30% while preserving the right to compete in the remaining 70%;
(6) Affirmative action in the field of education and public health;
(7) The right to own property;
(8) Strengthening of women economically, socially, politically and culturally;
(9) Ensure the right of maternity and children in accordance with the law;
(10) Establishment of institutions to protect and supervise implementation of their rights.

Article: 99. Treaties and Conventions

Without prejudice to the character of the Movement, the SPLM -N shall work to promote the National Interest of the New Sudan and shall respect International Law and Treaty obligations to which it is a signatory. The Movement stands in support and respect of International Conventions on human rights and similar International Protocols.

Article: 100.Discipline and General Conduct

(1) All members of the Movement and all who shall assume any position under its name shall comply with the provisions of this Constitution, laws, regulations, procedures and standing orders issued there under and comply with all policies and resolutions issued by the organs of the Movement and its leaders;
(2) Any member who violates any of the provisions of this Constitution, the laws or regulations issued thereunder, or Standing Orders shall be subject to accountability;
(3) Without prejudice to items (1) and (2) above any member who commits any of the following offenses shall be held accountable:
(a) Conviction of any criminal offense that degrades honor;
(b) commits any conduct that tarnishes the reputation of the Movement or any of its members;
(c) Arouse any racial, tribal, religious fanaticism, or any kind of discrimination;
(d) Solicits, accepts, or offers a bribe to perform any kind of discrimination;
(e) Nepotism and abuse of power;
(f) Abuses, neglects, or misappropriates resources of SPLM-N;
(g) Commits any act that may lead to the disintegration of the Movement or threatens its unity;
(h) Disrespects the Movements institutions and its leadership;
(i) Commits any subversive act against SPLM-N;
(j) Supports any organization or any other political party that opposes the vision of theNew Sudan;
(k) Joins any political party;
(l) Drunkenness or consumption of any banned substances that affect the performance of duty;
(m) Disclose, publish, or release any information or documents without permission from SPLM-N organs or its relevant institutions.

Article: 101.Accountability

39

Accountability within the Movement shall be carried out according to the rules and regulations.

Article: 102.The Emblem and Flag of the SPLM-N

The SPLM-N shall have an emblem and flag according to the law.

Article: 103.The Revolutionary Days of the Movement

The PLC shall determine the holidays of the Movement and shall subsequently issue directives on approval by NLC.

Article: 104. Amendment of this Constitution

(1) This Constitution shall be passed by simple majority (50%+1) of membership of the National Convention;
(2) This Constitution shall be amended by (⅔) two – thirds majority of the membership of the National Convention;
(3) To amend any article in this Constitution a motion shall be initiated by the Chairperson or
(⅓) one – third of NLC members to be tabled to NLC. The motion, supported by the underlying reasons, shall be submitted to the National Convention for approval;
(4) The NLC shall decide whether the intended amendments and the reasons are objective;
(5) Any note or petition to amend this Constitution must be distributed before thirty (30) days for all members of the National Convention.

Article: 105.Laws and Regulations

The SPLM-N shall formulate laws and regulations for the proper and effective implementation of the provisions of this Constitution.

Section II

Transitional Provisions

Article: 106.Convention Organizing Committee (COC)

(1) The COC shall conduct the following duties at all levels:
(a) Preparation for the National Convention / Congresses;
(b) Conduct fund raising;
(c) Setup sub-committees and determine their tasks;
(d) Supervises all technical committees;
(e) Set time and venue of the Convention / Congresses in consultation with the Chairperson;
(f) Set the agenda items and time table of the Convention / Congresses;
(g) Facilitates the deliberations, and voting procedures in the National Convention / Congresses;
(h) Oversees the procedures of ascending delegates from lower to higher levels;
(i) Oversees the election of the Convention / Congress Chairpersons;
(j) Determines the rules governing the Convention / Congress.

(2) In case the Convention is postponed the following measures shall be observed:

40

موت المناضل akhbarelwatane.net مصطفى كيحل الدكتور : مصطفى كيحل